Wednesday, 22 November 2017

Social Cognition



Have you heard anyone calling another person an introvert, ambivert or an extrovert? If you have, then there is a chance that maybe you know what these words and then may have wondered in which do you fit. But, if you don't then don't worry amigo, there's always a writer or blogger most probably suffering from writer's block who will help you out. This time it's me, your kinda sarcastic writer, Dexter.


Extroverts are those people who primarily obtain happiness from other people, other than obviously themselves. They tend to enjoy human interactions and are enthusiastic, talkative, assertive, and confident. Introverts are those people who are predominantly interested in one's own mental self. They take pleasure in solitary activities such as reading, writing, using computers, hiking and fishing. Now, ambiverts are mutually exclusive to the above defined concepts. They have a tendency to be assertive and enthusiastic enough to persuade and close, but at the same time, listening carefully to customers and avoiding the appearance of being overly confident or excited. Now, since I think I have explained to you about these things, there is one thing that you need to know, and that is, this classification is not a label, it's a spectrum.

To tell you how these terms came into existence, you have to know about a very important term, which is called (drumroll please) Social Cognition. This term defines and explains how people process, store, and apply information about other people and social situations. It focuses on the role of the process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses that are in play in social interactions.



The first factor when we talk about Social Cognition or any type of cognition, is attention (Yeah, that song by Charlie Puth). Life has many things happening at the same time, however, we are capable of centering our attention to the stimuli that interest us. Fortunately, we manage to automate certain processes that we have to repeat several times a day, making it easier to focus on other tasks. Attention isn’t about your 15 minutes of fame, it’s about a guided journey that starts with getting noticed, but blossoms into a remarkable ride from there. The degree to which other people divert your attention may depend on your social class, according to new findings. The people who categorize themselves as being in a relatively high social class spend less time looking at passersby compared with those who aren't as well off, a difference that seems to stem from spontaneous processes related to perception and attention. 



Another factor is perception. To know the minds of others, we must attend to and perceive the available cues, whether in their verbal or nonverbal behavior, that contain information about their inner qualities. The field of social cognition emerged from the study of this process of person perception, which focused on the perceiver’s ability to discern others’ states e.g. emotions and traits. Researchers in this tradition have generally assumed that cognitive representations of actors (and of the contexts in which they behave) mediate behavioral responses to the social world. These representations confer meaning onto the sensory input that is received, and in so doing, they potentiate corresponding responses. In short, thinking is for doing. When conceptualized in this way, perception is essentially the interface between the outer and inner worlds.





To survive and thrive in a group, the ability to understand other humans is key. Fewer skills would afford greater advantages than the ability to understand the minds of other group members to understand their intentions e.g., to cooperate or compete, to learn what they know e.g., where threats and opportunities lie, and to manipulate what they believe. Possession of such cognitive skills would greatly benefit the people who inherited these skills and would enjoy similar advantages.





As always, here's a video if you like it in the audio-visual style








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Saturday, 18 November 2017

Video:Mesut Ozil shines as Arsenal colors North London red





The matchday 12 ended with a big morale boosting victory for Arsenal at their own home, Emirates as Mesut Ozil stole the show and silenced his haters. Mauricio Pochettino's celebration for his 100th victory as Spurs boss was denied. This was his first loss in a Premier League north London derby as the shift of power has slowly swung away from Arsene Wenger's side. The goalscorers were Shkodran Mustafi, Alexis Sanchez.








The first goal started with a long ball, which was brought under control brilliantly by Alexis Sanchez. His namesake Sanchez dispossesed him with the help of a very good tackle, but referee Mike Dean ruled that foul by the young Tottenham defender in the favour of Arsenal. The ball from the resulting freekick was floated into the penalty area by Mesut Ozil, where the unmarked Mustafi leapt highest  at the far post and steered a fine header across the face of goal and inside the upright.



The bulid up for the second goal was started by Lacazette who got in behind down the right and played the low ball into the Tottenham penalty area, where Sanchez was waiting in acres of space. He made a mess of his first touch, but Lloris remained anchored to his line and allowed the Chilean to recover and rifle the ball between goalkeeper and near post from a ridiculously tight angle. The score was 2-0 in favour of Arsenal and they were in cruise control of the game which everyone expected them to lose.



Arsenal richly deserved that lead needed at the break and had been clearly superior. Spurs will moan about the award of the freekick that led to goal one, and will argue that both goals were very, very close to being offside. But ultimately, Arsenal's big players Sanchez and Ozil turned up, and Tottenham's Eriksen, Alli, a not fully fit Kane had been short of their best.

Tottenham's best chance came in the 56th minute which could have been the referee's  moment who had the option to point to the spot after Kane went down dramatically following Kolasinac's challenge inside the box, but decided to wave the appeal away. Ramsey misjudged a ball played into his path, slipped, and allowed Eriksen to regain possession on the edge of the area. Eventually feeding Kane, the Tottenham striker had sight of goal, but the shot was expertly blocked by Mustafi.



It could have been 3-0 but Lloris saved Tottenham as Ozil danced down the left , and crossed. Sanchez's first touch was poor, but he got it under control and hammered a shot at the near post. Lloris did better here, as he went off the line, narrowed the space and blocked the shot.





All in all it was a good game for Ozil who inspired Arsenal to a much needed win but he should work this hard in every match, not just big ones against Spurs. He had been very impressive today, looked great creatively, while putting in his fair share of the grunt work when it came to tracking back and put various Spurs players under pressure.





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Kashmiri Footballer trades his boots for guns!!!



The valley of Kashmir which was previously synonymous to a slice of heaven on Earth has been turning itself into a living hell, a nightmare that people living in the state are witnessing every single day of their lives. Just like reading the weather report and a traffic update has become a routine, the newspapers report tremors of violence from the valley every single day.









Particularly, the youth of the state has been affected the most. Groups being influenced to join terrorist groups, college students indulging in stone pelting. The beauty and tranquillity of the valley has been replaced with a lull of darkness. Majid Khan, a youth icon is the recent addition to this sad reality. Majid is a known figure in Kashmir as he is a football player in Anantnag. Besides being a great player, he is your simple young 20-year-old boy who stayed with his family and was pursuing his graduation. Except, everything turned upside down! Majid left his family and shunned his home to join terrorist group 'Lashkar-e-Taiba'.


Apparently, he was influenced by his close friends and peers to join the group. The irony of the whole incident is that before this radical transformation, he was working with an NGO which is a humanitarian organisation.



“Majid Khan was also working with an NGO, and during his stint in the organisation, he recruited more than 300 volunteers from Anantnag district. The difference between the present day militancy and the one that existed in early 1990s is that the ideological conviction of the present generation is far more superior”, said an officer who is a part of the investigation. It does not comes as a surprise that his family is shattered and his mother is already begging him to come back home.

The future of this country is in grave hands. While on one side we are vying to be a world class economy in the coming future, on the other, instances like these paint a sad and depressing picture.

Courtesy Of MensXP

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Karni Sena announces award for beheading Deepika Padukone



Sanjay Leela Bhansali’s Padmavati has created a havoc all around the nation. From facing political roadblocks to receiving threats from several Rajput organisation, the trouble for the film seems to have no end.

After Rajput Karni Sena threatened to chop off Deepika Padukone’s nose in case she doesn’t refrain from “inciting public sentiments,” police have increased security at her residence. Amid all this, another Rajput organisation has announced to offer Rs. 5 crore to whoever beheads Sanjay Leela Bhansali and Deepika Padukone.



“Anyone who brings the head of Sanjay Leela Bhansali and Deepika Padukone will be rewarded with Rs 5 crore. Rani Ma Padmavati had sacrificed her life with 12,000 other women in mass immolation (Jauhar), and Bhansali has raised a question on her courage by showing her in bad light in his film. This is unacceptable. Either both of them should leave the country or get ready to be beheaded, Some members of the Thakur community who hold important positions in the state may not be protesting against Padmavati, but a large number of others will fight for the honour of Rani Ma Padmavati. Bhansali must re-read history to know the real facts about her” said Thakur Abhishek Som, national president of Akhil Bharatiya Kshatriya Yuva Mahasabha, as quoted by TOI.



The group is opposing the film in apprehensions that it distorts history while telling the tale of Rajput Queen Rani Padmini. Sanjay Leela Bhansali says they are not scared of anything, not even death.

“I am not afraid of police action and I am ready to sacrifice my life for this cause. No one will be able to protect Bhansali and Padukone.”


Meanwhile, the movie is slated to hit the screens on Dec. 1.



Courtesy of Indiatimes


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Why can't bots check 'I am not a robot' checkboxes?



First, captchas aren't there to make it impossible to overcome - that is not possible to do. It's to make it difficult for a bot, i.e. to either make it impossible for it to do at all by itself or only very slowly. This is to make it impossible for a bot to e.g. try a password 1000 times per second, or to let it log in automatically without the help of a human.

Actually, clicking the box is a rather trivial part of what those CAPTCHAs are looking for. What they're actually looking for are things like:

did the 'user' instantly move their mouse to the exact coordinates of the box, or did they traverse thru the page like a human would?

is the user scrolling to the box, or are they remotely executing javascript to trigger a scroll to the box? how long after page load did the user find the box? Too quickly is obviously a red flag, but taking too long is also. commonly, to get around reCAPTCHA you'll need to find out 4-5 areas to click in addition to the initial click. The way that most people do this is using CAPTCHA services, which are real people solving them and returning the answer to you (i.e. for a text captcha, you'd send them the image and they'd send back the letters/numbers). The way you do this with reCAPTCHA is sending a screenshot of the computer, and you are returned the coords that you're supposed to click on to answer the question properly. [e: apparently this method is old, and a new method where the CAPTCHA is actually served up to the person within the service that will solve it for you!] 

However, it usually doesn't take a legitimate human 5 minutes to answer a few questions about 9 images. if you take too long, they'll make you do another image check challenge. basically, it's really, really difficult to make a bot move the mouse, scroll, and react naturally to a page load. and even if you do manage to fool reCAPTCHA, you'll be thrown to a few image tasks which may serve to block you out from the website completely, due to the reasons mentioned above. e: as others have mentioned, this type of stuff is only part of what reCAPTCHA relies on to determine human/non-human - particularly, your referring information & whether or not you have a logged in Google account. e2: there are a bunch of people claiming that mouse movement tracking is impossible to do. in chrome, hit ctrl+shift+j, paste onmousemove = function(e){console.log("mouse location:", e.clientX, e.clientY)} in, and hit enter. then move the mouse. it's easily done. e3: there are still a ton of people claiming that I just made up the ability to track end user mouse movements. 

http://www.javascriptsource.com/page-details/mouse-coordinates.html is another example Source Reddit
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