Showing posts with label cognitive skills. Show all posts
Showing posts with label cognitive skills. Show all posts

Wednesday, 22 November 2017

Social Cognition

Have you heard anyone calling another person an introvert, ambivert or an extrovert? If you have, then there is a chance that maybe you know what these words and then may have wondered in which do you fit. But, if you don't then don't worry amigo, there's always a writer or blogger most probably suffering from writer's block who will help you out. This time it's me, your kinda sarcastic writer, Dexter.

Extroverts are those people who primarily obtain happiness from other people, other than obviously themselves. They tend to enjoy human interactions and are enthusiastic, talkative, assertive, and confident. Introverts are those people who are predominantly interested in one's own mental self. They take pleasure in solitary activities such as reading, writing, using computers, hiking and fishing. Now, ambiverts are mutually exclusive to the above defined concepts. They have a tendency to be assertive and enthusiastic enough to persuade and close, but at the same time, listening carefully to customers and avoiding the appearance of being overly confident or excited. Now, since I think I have explained to you about these things, there is one thing that you need to know, and that is, this classification is not a label, it's a spectrum.

To tell you how these terms came into existence, you have to know about a very important term, which is called (drumroll please) Social Cognition. This term defines and explains how people process, store, and apply information about other people and social situations. It focuses on the role of the process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses that are in play in social interactions.

The first factor when we talk about Social Cognition or any type of cognition, is attention (Yeah, that song by Charlie Puth). Life has many things happening at the same time, however, we are capable of centering our attention to the stimuli that interest us. Fortunately, we manage to automate certain processes that we have to repeat several times a day, making it easier to focus on other tasks. Attention isn’t about your 15 minutes of fame, it’s about a guided journey that starts with getting noticed, but blossoms into a remarkable ride from there. The degree to which other people divert your attention may depend on your social class, according to new findings. The people who categorize themselves as being in a relatively high social class spend less time looking at passersby compared with those who aren't as well off, a difference that seems to stem from spontaneous processes related to perception and attention. 

Another factor is perception. To know the minds of others, we must attend to and perceive the available cues, whether in their verbal or nonverbal behavior, that contain information about their inner qualities. The field of social cognition emerged from the study of this process of person perception, which focused on the perceiver’s ability to discern others’ states e.g. emotions and traits. Researchers in this tradition have generally assumed that cognitive representations of actors (and of the contexts in which they behave) mediate behavioral responses to the social world. These representations confer meaning onto the sensory input that is received, and in so doing, they potentiate corresponding responses. In short, thinking is for doing. When conceptualized in this way, perception is essentially the interface between the outer and inner worlds.

To survive and thrive in a group, the ability to understand other humans is key. Fewer skills would afford greater advantages than the ability to understand the minds of other group members to understand their intentions e.g., to cooperate or compete, to learn what they know e.g., where threats and opportunities lie, and to manipulate what they believe. Possession of such cognitive skills would greatly benefit the people who inherited these skills and would enjoy similar advantages.

As always, here's a video if you like it in the audio-visual style

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